Lesser horseshoe bats are the smallest of the two British horseshoe species and one of the smallest UK bat species, being approximately plum sized and having a wingspan of between 200mm – 250mm. Horseshoe bats have a circular flap of skin surrounding their nostrils and the horseshoe shape of this ‘nose-leaf’ gives these bats their name. Horseshoe Bats. Lesser horseshoe bats appear in Appendix II of the Berne Convention (Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats). Five are found in Europe, but only two, the greater and lesser horseshoe bat, are native to the British Isles. Pregnant and lactating females need to maintain a high body temperature over the summer months to maintain the development of the foetus or the production of milk. The lesser horseshoe bat is restricted to six western counties from Cork to Mayo and is on an EU endangered species list. Lesser horseshoe bats, like all bats living in temperate regions, require a range of micro-environments in their summer roosts. This requires that they be strictly protected against deliberate killing, capture, damage/destruction of breeding and nesting sites, disturbance, trading (including parts and derivatives), etc. In Britain, the lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) is now restricted to Wales, the west midlands and south-west England.In the early 1900s, it was found as far north as Yorkshire and along the south coast of England as far east as Kent. Lesser horseshoe bat roost sites in Britain are currently conserved as part of conservation management schemes. Dr Henry Schofield completed his Doctor of Philosophy thesis on `The ecology and conservation biology of Rhinolophus hipposideros, the lesser horseshoe bat' in 1996. Download The lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros is a widespread but rare species in central and southern Europe, extending as far eastwards as the Middle East. Lesser horseshoe bats are the smallest and most easily recognisable Irish bat when roosting. Prior to this his qualifications include a B.Ed (Hons) in Biology and General Science (1984) and a Post-graduate certificate in Field Biology (1988). Non-pregnant females and The Bat Conservation Trust was formed in 1990 as an umbrella organisation for the rapidly growing network of bat groups, providing support, training and advice. The results of this study show that current conservation measures are adequate to maintain lesser horseshoe bat populations in Wales . The UK supports one of the largest populations of this species in western Europe. Lesser horseshoe bats We’re following a bat roost in the rafters of a former iron ore smelting furnace. 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