Despite the grave political outcome, Charles’s death, however, was marked by memorable, rudimentary autopsy notes which describes Charles’ ill health in the most peculiar way. On November 1 st, 1700, an entire dynasty of kings came to a crashing end with the death of Charles II of Spain.Charles had neither a pleasant life nor a successful reign. With him ended the influence and dominion of the Habsburg dynasty in the Iberian peninsula and in the overseas territories. He joined the court with only a slight knowledge of politics or governance and, reportedly, was often secretly ridiculed for that. He was a man of poor intellect, a fact that hindered his thirty-year-old rule, and one with serious physical difficulties which deprived him of having any heirs, although he was twice married. He had a prominently elongated skull and obtrusive jaw, features said to be typical for a Hapsburg. So far, his reign had made only modest contributions to England’s commercial advancement. Marie Louise acted naively and with a lack of political ambition, making enemies at court and soon squandering any sympathies she Although his marriage to Catherine of Braganza was childless, Charles II had many illegitimate children by various mistresses:-. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The illegitimate Children of Charles II. Europe was headed into a crisis at the hour of the Spanish king’s death, one which resulted in the War of the Spanish Succession, a conflict that lasted until 1714. Charles II. After Charles II Of Spain Died In 1700, His Autopsy Revealed Some Truly Astonishing Results. Charles wearing the robes of the Order of the Golden Fleece, in about 1673, by Juan Carreño de Miranda, According to a book entitled Enfermedades de Los Reyes de Espana, penned by Spanish writer Pedro Gargantilla, the physician who carried out the autopsy of the king’s body reportedly noted that the corpse “did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.”, Read another story from us: Goya’s Los Caprichos: The aqua tinted etchings that condemned human behavior in late 18th century Spain. Queen consort Marie Louise, King Charles, and his mother, Mariana of Austria, attend the auto de fe of June 30, 1680, by Francisco Rizi. In fact, his government is considered purely symbolic because, ascended to … On November 1st, 1700, an entire dynasty of kings came to a crashing end with the death of Charles II of Spain.Charles had neither a pleasant life nor a successful reign. Charles II was the result of centuries of inbreeding in European royal families. His mother was appointed Regent as he was too young to govern the kingdom. If nothing else, it is a lesson that if a civilization wants to sustain a status of greatness, it should always produce leaders who can demonstrate greatness too. His death sparked the War of Spanish Succession, mainly between the Austrian Habsburgs and the House of Bourbon. He was the only legitimate heir, but because he was so young his mother took the role of regent. Being weak, the king, of course, was subject to the interest of various other rulers who attempted to impose their influence on the territory of Spain. The Annales S. Benigni Divisionensis record the birth of "Karolus filius Ludowici" in Frankfurt "Idus Iun 824". Charles’ ill health condition deteriorated even more as he was approaching his deathbed. Join 1000s of subscribers and receive the best Vintage News in your mailbox for FREE, Police arrest a 72-year-old “suburban grandfather” suspected of being the Golden State Killer, “I’m not dead yet”: some Buddhist monks followed self-mummification, Project Azorian: Howard Hughes’ secret mission, 1960s U.S. satellite that started transmitting again in 2013, The “Walk of Shame” in Game of Thrones historical inspiration, The only unsolved skyjacking case in U.S. history might have a break, Kurt Gödel became too paranoid to eat and died of starvation, “Little Ease”: One of the most feared torture devices in the Tower of London, The humble English girl who became Cora Pearl, Walt Disney softened the original Snow White story. He was childless and without an heir, pre-deceased by many possible successors. The Hapsburg family was  famous for cousins marrying one another. He is now best remembered for his physical disabilities, believed to be the result of inbreeding, and the war for his throne that followed his death. Marie Louise was blamed for the failure to produce an heir, while primitive fertility treatments gave her severe intestinal problems. Born to the Throne of France Charles II of Navarre was the son of Philip, Count of Evreux and Jeanne, the only surviving child of Louise X of France and Navarre. By that instance, he had already suffered a life filled with illness. And according to his autopsy, his body showed the signs of that inbreeding. During his lifetime Charles ran a vast and powerful kingdom, although he will be remembered as the last ruler of Habsburg Spain and the one with very severe health difficulties due to several generations of royal inbreeding. The Mysterious Autopsy of King Charles II of Spain - YouTube Born extremely fragile, Charles fought with his condition throughout his childhood. Charles II of Spain (aka, The Bewitched; Madrid, Spain, 6th November 1661 - Madrid, Spain, 1st November 1700) On this day, King Charles II of Spain breathed his last. Spanish Gold Coin minted in 1700, the last year of the reign of Charles II. Philip V. King of Spain, 1700-46. Due to his condition, he supposedly barely learned to read or write, and he never managed to obtain an education proper for a royal. All things combined: * The physician exaggerated… for certain Charles II had very serious health problems since he was born, he bore generations of inbreeding in his DNA. Dark Forces. Although this king was granted the right to run a large and powerful kingdom, he is remembered as an infirm ruler, thanks to his many health disabilities and his poor intellect. In fact, modern researchers widely state that generations of inbreeding among the Spanish Habsburgs caused their downfall. His mother ruled as a regent for 10 years until Charles was a teenager. It is said that he had his deceased relative’s bodies exhumed in order to touch or view them. I was reading Wikipedia's entry on the death of Charles II, and the autopsy report states that "did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water." By that instance, he had already suffered a life filled with illness. Join 1000s of subscribers and receive the best Vintage News in your mailbox for FREE, Police arrest a 72-year-old “suburban grandfather” suspected of being the Golden State Killer, “I’m not dead yet”: some Buddhist monks followed self-mummification, Project Azorian: Howard Hughes’ secret mission, 1960s U.S. satellite that started transmitting again in 2013, The “Walk of Shame” in Game of Thrones historical inspiration, The only unsolved skyjacking case in U.S. history might have a break, Kurt Gödel became too paranoid to eat and died of starvation, “Little Ease”: One of the most feared torture devices in the Tower of London, The humble English girl who became Cora Pearl, Walt Disney softened the original Snow White story. Inbreeding wiped out Spanish Habsburgs, say researchers. When the court’s pressure brought him to a mental breakdown he decided to retire and became obsessed with dead people. During his reign, the Spanish court considered Charles an obstruction in the affairs of state and an unimportant figure with almost no power. Charles was allegedly easy prey, falling under the influence of those who surrounded him. Whether the autopsy findings are authentic doesn’t question the fact that Charles II made for a grotesque symbol of the Kingdom of Spain that was already in decline. His mental state suffered as well, producing often erratic and perverse behavior. Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names Charles as son of his father by his second wife. Check out the current Spanish king’s full name for a hint of who (sort of) won. History remembers the Habsburgs as one of the most influential but also peculiar and intriguing ruling dynasties. However, the majority of the court enjoyed living under an incompetent king as he was easily manipulated. The young couple were systematically excluded from governing by Charles’s mother. CHARLES II (Frankfurt-am-Main 13 Jun 823-Avrieux or Brides-les-Bains, Savoie 6 Oct 877, bur Nantua Abbey, transferred to église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). Which is medical terminology meaning his urethra was too short, so he passed urine from part-way down the shaft; he had one, shrunken testicle; his sexual anatomy in general was malformed since birth, as were his kidneys. As for Carlos II's inbreeding, this extreme case of a near circular family tree was the byproduct of dynastic accident and geostrategic timing. He was spared from the court and did not have a lot of knowledge in the affairs of governance. Photo by Numismática Pliego CC BY-SA 3.0, Professor Van Kerrebroeck from the European Association of Urology explained: “We can conclude that Carlos suffered from posterior hypospadias, monorchism, and an atrophic testicle. He probably had an intersexual state with ambiguous genitalia, and a congenital monokidney with stones and infections.”. Moreover, according to the Telegraph, Charles II and his grandfather Philip III were considered the two members of the family with highest inbreeding coefficients. His poor health impeded his ability to learn how to read or write, preventing him obtaining what was then considered a proper royal education. King Charles II (by Juan Carreño de Miranda, 1685). Philip V, King of Spain, founder of the Bourbon dynasty, was the son of the Dauphin Louis and his wife, Maria Anna, daughter of Ferdinand Maria, elector of Bavaria. One of Europe’s most powerful dynasties from the 15th through 20th centuries was the House of Habsburg, a royal German family, also known as the House of Austria. Rumors swirled that Charles II’s first wife, Marie Louise d’Órleans, … To summarize: Reasons Charles II of Spain was “royally screwed”: When Philip died in 1506, Charles became ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands, and his mother's co-ruler in Spain upon the death of his maternal grandfather, Ferdinand the Catholic, in 1516. Under Charles II, the situation of the Spanish Hapsburgs only worsened as their powers waned at a rapid pace, but in essence, it was the history of inbreeding that led to the ultimate end. His health had been so poor throughout his life, though, that it was surprising he lasted as long as he did. His retirement didn’t last long as Charles died several days before his thirty-ninth birthday. Charles II of Spain was just 38 years old when he died on November 1, 1700. It was a task undertaken by a group of Spanish scientists who examined the ancestry of the infirm king back through 16 generations. Charles was born into political strife in Europe as the Habsburgs tried to control the entire continent. The misfortunate-in-health-royal was born to King Philip IV and his second wife, Mariana of Austria. Charles II of Spain was born November 6, 1661 and became king in 1665 at the tender young age of four. Charles was the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad. This family provided kings that reigned over vast territories that included Bohemia, Hungary, Portugal, Croatia, Germany, Spain, and, of course, Austria. As he also happened to live in times when superstition was flourishing, his numerous deformities–his feebleness supposedly owing to his congenital heart disease–were ascribed to powers of evil. Charles II of Spain, also known as El Hechizado or the Bewitched, was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire. Meanwhile, Spain’s position in the world had declined alarmingly during the reign of King Charles II. Within the research, it was also found out that Charles II, along with his grandfather Philip III, counted as the two family representatives who had the “highest inbreeding coefficients,” the Telegraph reported. This was because Charles II’s half-sister, Maria Theresa of Spain, happened to be the first wife of the famous French ruler (almost sounds like a scenario of a Spanish telenovela). Gender: Male Religion: Roman Catholic Race or . Habsburg Spain dissolved on November 1, 1700, following the death of its last, and probably the most infamous, ruler of all: Charles II of Spain. The ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700). He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death. Their research findings were issued in 2009 in the journal PLOS One, and according to it, there is evidence that at least 11 marriages carried out within Charles II’s family during the 15th and 16th century were consanguineous, which means they were descended from a common ancestor, or “blood relatives.”. The problem with some theories is that they either underestimat the doctors of the time (they sucked at healing stuff but boy they were awesome at describing it!) In the reign of the 16th century’s Charles V, with European kingdoms and colonies stretching to the Americas, it was said his was “the empire on which the sun never sets.”. King Charles II, painting by Juan Carreño de Miranda, 1685. Charles’s grandfather died before his birth on October 10, 1332. Charles’s first wife, Marie Louise von Orléans (1662–1689), was the eldest daughter of the brother of Louis XIV, Duke Philip of Orléans, and Henrietta Anne of England. It was the 16-year-old Philip, Duke of Anjou, grand-nephew of Charles II (at the same time grandson of the reigning French King Louis XIV), who was designated as heir to the deceased Spanish king. The Habsburgs had inherited Spain by chance with the timely death of Ferdinand and Isabella's only surviving son Prince John in 1497 and eldest daughter Isabella in 1498. According to one source, shortly before his death, Charles had moments in which he insisted on unearthing the corpses of his dead relatives, so he could see them. Calculations further revealed that approximately half of the new-born babies within this dynasty, within the examined period, did not survive to see even their first birthday, many because because of the health defects from inbreeding. If legends surrounding his death are to be believed, Charles the Bad’s death was equally as unpleasant as his life. The reign of this strong political and military force, with its vast territorial claim, kingdoms and colonies, was an “empire on which the sun never sets,” stretching over the territories of Bohemia, Croatia, Hungary, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and to the Americas in the 16th century. The Habsburgs even claimed the crown of Holy Roman emperor in 1452. According to recent research published in the journal PLOS One, there is evidence which proves that around 11 marriages in the family of Charles II were consanguineous or from “blood relatives.”. What may be more shocking is how an autopsy allegedly describes the deceased body of the king himself. Successor and son of second marriage of King Philip IV. While the French ambassador wrote "... he is so ugly as to cause fear, and looks ill", it was considered irrelevant to the political benefits. Charles II - Charles II - Foreign policy: Charles cleared himself by dismissing his old adviser, Edward Hyde, earl of Clarendon, and tried to assert himself through a more adventurous foreign policy. Several sources describe his behavior as infantile. Yes, many people have actually, there are various hipothesis going around. Due to incest, the familys genetic line progressively deteriorated until Charles II, the final male heir, was physically incapable of producing children, thus bringing an end to Habsburg rule. The ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700). Charles II managed to reach 38 years but did not wait to see his 39th birthday, passing away only five days before that. Writers Will and Ariel Durant note in their book The Story of Civilization that Charles II was “short, lame, epileptic, senile, and completely bald before 35.” They also remark that “he was always on the verge of death.”. Charles II was not attractive, to say the least. Since his birth in 1661, he presented a peculiar set of physical, psychiatric and behavioral signs, such as respiratory and diarrheal diseases, recurrent seizures and … Birthplace: Versailles, France Location of death: Madrid, Spain Cause of death: Stroke. Charles V (French: Charles Quint ; German: Karl V.) (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, as Charles I (Spanish: Carlos I), of the Kingdom(s) of Spain (Reino de España) from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556. His quiet, heirless death had a riotous outcome as it launched the War of the Spanish Succession which lasted until 1714 and provoked a crisis in Europe. People said he was bewitched, which is how he earned the nickname “El Hechizado,” or in English “the Hexed.” There was more than one attempt to “heal” him by various methods. Royal inbreeding extinguished the Spanish Habsburg dynasty which ended with the death of King Charles II … This doesn’t explain why his corpse would be drained of blood, but it does seem offer a reason why his “head” might have been full of “water.” Life for Charles II must have been difficult and painful. He died childless in 1700 with Perhaps the most infamous of them all was Charles II of Spain. Charles II, king of Spain from 1665 to 1700 and the last monarch of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty. Charles’s reign opened with a 10-year regency under the queen mother, during which the government was preoccupied with combatting the ambitions of … Beginning with a general background on some of the Spanish dynasties of the Middle Ages, the focus soon lay on the extraordinary case of Charles II, the last and heirless Habsburg King of Spain. Monarch of Spain. One of John's last acts was arranging Charles's marriage in 1679 to Marie Louise, eldest daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans. When Charles inherited the throne in September 1665, he was only four years old. Charles II (29 May 1630-6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. The result of several generations of royal inbreeding, Charles II was already born with several difficulties. As rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, they not only determined Europe’s political and territorial structure but also defined the history of the world. The death of King Charles II, the Bewitched, ended two centuries of sovereignity of the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. Perhaps there hasn’t been a royal house as powerful as the House of Hapsburg (also called the House of Austria). As the only legitimate heir at the time, Charles sat on the throne when he was a boy of only four. Quick Facts Name Charles II of England Birth Date May 29, 1630 Death Date February 6, 1685 Place of Birth St. James' Palace, London, England, United Kingdom Modern-day research has only confirmed what has already been assumed in the past, that both his mental and physical condition were largely due to the extensive history of inbreeding which his royal family practiced for decades, if not centuries, before his birth. Ancient History Writers Will and Ariel Durant note in their book The Story of Civilization that Charles II was “short, lame, epileptic, senile, and completely bald before 35.” They also remark that “he was always on the verge of death.”, Modern science has analyzed the genealogical data about Charles II, as well as that of many of his ancestors. The physician who carried out the autopsy, Pedro Gargantilla, noted: “[His corpse]… did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.” This autopsy stumped even contemporary medical scientists who examined this description. What may be more shocking is how an autopsy allegedly describes the deceased body of the king himself. The physician who carried out the autopsy, Pedro Gargantilla, noted: “[His corpse]… did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.” But if there is one more intriguing aspect related to the Charles II’s death that was not the culminating political crisis, it was the strangeness of his final days and the condition of his dead body. 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